To continue the investigation of the living earth the fifth graders begin with BOTANY, which is the study of the plant world. They start first by observing the plant life around them to then drawing their attention to the vegetation in other parts of the world. This lends itself to the study of the earth’s physical features with NORTH AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY. Here they learn about the connection of the land to human life, from the use of natural resources to regional customs. With MATHEMATICS, the fifth graders build on their foundations of fractions and decimals as well as exploring the new skill of FREEHAND GEOMETRY. This will be experienced through the continuation of the braided forms they learned in 4th Grade then moving into the architectural, jewelry and clothing motifs from ancient history. This leads into the last topic of study, ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS, where the cultures of India, Persia, Mesopotamia, Egypt and Greece will be explored. LANGUAGE ARTS is woven into every Main Lesson, yet a grammatical deepening will occur through practicing parts of speech, verb tenses and sentence structures.